Keynote session from the World Anti-Bullying Forum 2021 in Stockholm by Ji-Kang Chen.
School violence and cyberbullying among adolescents in Chinese societies: A comparative study of Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Chinese mainland.
School violence and cyberbullying have been a serious challenge to students’ physical and psychological development in Western and Chinese societies. However, until now, empirical studies on school violence and cyberbullying have mainly been conducted in Western countries, with few examining Chinese societies (e.g., Chinese mainland, Hong Kong, and Taiwan). In addition, most of previous studies on school violence and cyberbullying have been conducted in individual countries or societies, which brings into question the relevance and comparability of school violence and cyberbullying findings across countries or societies. Recently, researchers have called for international perspectives or cross-societal comparative research to examine issues of school violence and cyberbullying among adolescents. Such comparative research can help clarify the generalizability of theories, policies and intervention strategies between countries or societies. However, until now, few international or cross-societal comparative studies on school violence and cyberbullying have been initiated, and they were mainly conducted in Western countries. There is a need for a comparative study to examine school violence and cyberbullying among adolescents in Chinese societies. Using samples from Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Chinese mainland, this keynote speech reports the findings on similarities and differences between these three Chinese societies in prevalence, behavioral ranking orders, outcomes, and correlates of school violence and cyberbullying. Implication to theories, policies, and practices are discussed in this keynote speech.